Association of early-onset pre-eclampsia in first pregnancy with normotensive second pregnancy outcomes: A population-based study

J. J. Chang, L. J. Muglia, G. A. MacOnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate pregnancy outcomes in normotensive second pregnancy following pre-eclampsia in first pregnancy. Design: Population-based retrospective cohort study. Setting: State of Missouri in the USA. Sample: White European origin or African-American women who delivered their first two non-anomalous singleton pregnancies between 20 and 44 weeks of gestation in Missouri, USA, 1989-2005, without chronic hypertension, renal disease or diabetes mellitus (n = 12 835). Methods: Pre-eclampsia or delivery at 34 weeks of gestation or less in first pregnancy was defined as early-onset pre-eclampsia, whereas late-onset pre-eclampsia was defined as pre-eclampsia with delivery after 34 weeks of gestation. Multivariate regression models were fitted to estimate the crude and adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Main outcome measures: Preterm delivery, large and small-for-gestational-age infant, Apgar scores at 5 minutes, fetal death, caesarean section, placental abruption. Results: Women with early-onset pre-eclampsia in first pregnancy were more likely to be younger, African-American, recipients of Medicaid, unmarried and smokers. Despite a second normotensive pregnancy, women with early-onset pre-eclampsia in their first pregnancy had greater odds of a small-for-gestational-age infant, preterm birth, fetal death, caesarean section and placental abruption in the second pregnancy, relative to women with late-onset pre-eclampsia, after controlling for confounders. Moreover, maternal ethnic origin modified the association between early-onset pre-eclampsia in the first pregnancy and preterm births in the second pregnancy. Having a history of early-onset pre-eclampsia reduces the odds of having a large-for-gestational-age infant in the second pregnancy. Conclusion: A history of early-onset pre-eclampsia is associated with increased odds of adverse pregnancy outcomes despite a normotensive second pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)946-953
Number of pages8
JournalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume117
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

Keywords

  • Caesarean section
  • Early-onset pre-eclampsia
  • Fetal death
  • Placental abruption
  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Preterm birth
  • Small for gestational age

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