Association between Sexual Violence Victimization and Electronic Vaping Product Use among Adolescents: Findings from a Population-based Study

Philip Baiden, Patricia Cavazos-Rehg, Hannah S. Szlyk, Henry K. Onyeaka, Ja Niene E Peoples, Erin Kasson, Chioma Muoghalu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Although studies have investigated the association between sexual violence (SV) victimization and substance use, few studies have examined the association between SV victimization and electronic vaping product (EVP) use among adolescents in the United States. The objective of this study was to examine the cross-sectional association between SV victimization and EVP use among adolescents. Methods: Data were pooled from the 2017 and 2019 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. An analytic sample of 28,135 adolescents (51.2% female) was analyzed using binary logistic regression. The outcome variable investigated was EVP use, and the main explanatory variable was SV victimization. Results: Of the 28,135 adolescents, the prevalence of past 30-day EVP use and SV victimization was 22.7% and 10.8%, respectively. Controlling for other factors, adolescents who experienced SV had 1.52 times higher odds of being EVP users when compared to their counterparts who did not experience SV (AOR = 1.52, p <.001, 95% CI = 1.27–1.82). Other factors associated with EVP use included cyberbullying victimization, symptoms of depression, and current use of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana. Conclusions: Experiencing SV was associated with EVP use. Future studies that employ longitudinal designs may offer more insight into the mechanisms underlying the association between SV victimization and EVP use. In addition, school-based interventions that focus on sexual violence prevention and reducing substance use among adolescents are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-648
Number of pages12
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume58
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Sexual violence victimization
  • adolescents
  • electronic vaping products
  • substance use

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