Association between physical limitations and working life exposure to carrying heavy loads assessed using a job-exposure matrix: CONSTANCES cohort

Laure Ngabirano, Marc Fadel, Annette Leclerc, Bradley A. Evanoff, Ann Marie Dale, Angelo d’Errico, Yves Roquelaure, Alexis Descatha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Decline in physical performance with age varies among workers. We studied the association between lifetime exposure to carrying heavy loads and limitations in climbing stairs. Methods: We used data from the French CONSTANCES study. A biomechanical Job-Exposure Matrix (JEM) was combined with lifetime job histories to build a cumulative exposure score, and compared with reported limitations in climbing stairs using robust Poisson models, stratified by sex and educational level. Results: Of the 26,255 subjects, 618 men and 1,080 women reported difficulties in climbing stairs; this outcome was associated with cumulative exposure to carrying heavy loads: adjusted PR= 2.17 (1.75-2.73) for men, 1.50 (1.30-1.74) for women. The association was primarily seen among less educated subjects. Conclusion: Cumulative work exposure to carrying heavy loads across the working life was associated with physical limitations in climbing stairs among the less educated in both genders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-247
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Environmental and Occupational Health
Volume76
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • epidemiology
  • job-exposure matrix
  • physical exposure
  • physical limitation
  • work disability

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