Association between MAPT haplotype and memory function in patients with Parkinson's disease and healthy aging individuals

Sophie E. Winder-Rhodes, Adam Hampshire, James B. Rowe, Jonathan E. Peelle, Trevor W. Robbins, Adrian M. Owen, Roger A. Barker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genetic variation is associated with differences in the function of the brain as well as its susceptibility to disease. The common H1 haplotypic variant of the microtubule-associated protein tau gene (MAPT) has been related to an increased risk for Parkinson's disease (PD). Furthermore, among PD patients, H1 homozygotes have an accelerated progression to dementia. We investigated the neurocognitive correlates of MAPT haplotypes using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Thirty-seven nondemented patients with PD (19 H1/H1, 18 H2 carriers) and 40 age-matched controls (21 H1/H1, 19 H2 carriers) were scanned during performance of a picture memory encoding task. Behaviorally, H1 homozygosity was associated with impaired picture recognition memory in PD patients and control subjects. These impairments in the H1 homozygotes were accompanied by an altered blood-oxygen level-dependent response in the medial temporal lobe during successful memory encoding. Additional age-related differences in blood-oxygen level-dependent response were observed in the medial temporal lobes of H1 homozygotes with PD. These results suggest that common variation in MAPT is not only associated with the dementia of PD but also differences in the neural circuitry underlying aspects of cognition in normal aging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1519-1528
Number of pages10
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Dementia
  • FMRI
  • Genetics
  • Hippocampus
  • MAPT
  • Memory
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Picture recognition
  • Tau

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