BACKGROUND: Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors (ATRTs) are rare brain tumors that occur primarily in children under the age of 3 years. This report evaluates the treatment approach and survival outcomes in a large cohort of patients treated in the United States. METHODS: Using the National Cancer Database, the analysis included all ATRT patients aged 0 to 18 years who were diagnosed between 2004 and 2012 and had complete treatment data. RESULTS: Three hundred sixty-one ATRT patients were evaluated. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 29.9%, and it was significantly lower for children who were less than 3 years old (5-year OS, 27.7%) versus those who were 3 years old or older (5-year OS, 37.5%; P <.001). The best outcome was seen for patients with localized disease who received trimodality therapy (surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy [RT]) with a 5-year OS rate of 46.8%. The utilization of trimodality therapy significantly increased during the study period (27.7% in 2004-2008 vs 45.1% in 2009-2012; P <.01), largely because of the increased use of RT. In a multivariate analysis, treatment that did not utilize trimodality therapy was associated with significantly worse OS (hazard ratio, 2.52; 95% confidence interval (1.82–3.51). Children aged 0 to 2 years were significantly less likely to receive trimodality therapy because of decreased utilization of RT in this age group. CONCLUSIONS: The use of trimodality therapy significantly increased during the study period and was associated with improved outcomes. For patients with localized disease who received trimodality therapy, the OS rate at 5 years approached 50%. However, further research into the optimal management of children less than 3 years old is needed because of their significantly worse OS in comparison with older children. Cancer 2017;123:682–687.
- National Cancer Database (NCDB)
- atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor (ATRT)
- pediatric oncology