Assessment of the role of FGF15 in mediating the metabolic outcomes of murine vertical sleeve gastrectomy

Andriy Myronovych, Jashdeep Bhattacharjee, Rosa Maria Salazar-Gonzalez, Brandon Tan, Sarah Mowery, Danielle Ferguson, Karen K. Ryan, Wujuan Zhang, Xueheng Zhao, Melissa Oehrle, Kenneth D.R. Setchell, Randy J. Seeley, Darleen A. Sandoval, Rohit Kohli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) is the best current therapy for remission of obesity and its comorbidities. It is understood to alter the enterohepatic circulation of bile acids in vivo. Fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) in humans and its murine ortholog Fgf15 play a pivotal role in this bile acid-driven enterohepatic signaling. The present study evaluated the metabolic outcomes of VSG in Fgf15-deficient (KO) mice. 6- to 8-wk-old male wild-type (WT) and KO mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 8 wk. At 8th week of diet, both WT and KO mice were randomly distributed to VSG or sham surgery. Postsurgery, mice were observed for 8 wk while fed a HFD and then euthanized to collect tissues for experimental analysis. KO mice lost weight post-VSG, but glucose tolerance in KO mice did not improve post-VSG compared with WT mice. Enteroids derived from WT and KO mice proliferated with bile acid exposure in vitro. Post-VSG, both WT and KO mice had similarly altered bile acid enterohepatic flux; however, Fgf15 deficient mice post-VSG had increased hepatic accumulation of free and esterified cholesterol, leading to lipotoxicity-related endoplasmic reticulum stress, inflammasome activation, and increased Fgf21 expression. We conclude that intact Fgf15-mediated enterohepatic bile acid signaling, but not changes in bile acid flux, appear to be important for the metabolic improvements post-murine bariatric surgery. These novel data introduce a potential point of distinction between bile acids acting as ligands compared with their canonical downstream signaling pathways. NEW & NOTEWORTHY In the absence of an intact fibroblast growth factor 15 (FGF15) signaling pathway, murine vertical sleeve gastrectomy results in weight loss without all its anticipated metabolic benefits. In the absence of an intact FGF15 signaling pathway, vertical sleeve gastrectomy results in increased intestinal bile acid levels and hepatolipotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)G669-G684
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume319
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Cholesterol metabolism
  • Glucose tolerance
  • Hepatic lipid metabolomics
  • Liver injury
  • Serum bile acid composition

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