Questionnaires are used to assess instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) among individuals with preclinical Alzheimer disease (AD). They have indicated no functional impairment among this population. We aim to determine among cognitively normal (CN) older adults with and without preclinical AD whether: (a) performance-based IADL assessment measures a wider range of function than an IADL questionnaire and (b) biomarkers of AD are associated with IADL performance. In this cross-sectional analysis of 161 older adults, participants in studies of AD completed an IADL questionnaire, performance-based IADL assessment, cognitive assessments, and had biomarkers of AD (amyloid, hippocampal volume, brain network strength) assessed within 2 to 3 years. Performance-based IADL scores were more widely distributed compared with the IADL questionnaire. Smaller hippocampal volumes and reduced brain network connections were associated with worse IADL performance. A performance-based IADL assessment demonstrates functional impairment associated with neurodegeneration among CN older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-285
Number of pages9
JournalOTJR Occupation, Participation and Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • cognitive impairment
  • dementia
  • instrumental activities of daily living
  • neuroscience
  • older adults


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