Assessment of Conflicts of Interest in the Transcarotid Artery Revascularization Literature

Tina Moon, Aneesh Bahadur, Jeffrey Aalberg, Michael Jonczyk, Lilian Chen, Julie A. Margenthaler, Payam Salehi, Abhishek Chatterjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: To systematically review the accuracy of self-reported conflicts of interest (COIs) among transcarotid artery revascularization (TCAR) studies and evaluate factors associated with increased discrepancies. Materials and methods: A literature search identified all TCAR-related studies with at least one American author published between January 2017 and December 2020. Industry payments from Silk Road Medical, Inc. were collected using the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Open Payments database. COI discrepancies were identified by comparing author declaration statements with payments found for the year of publication and year prior (24-mo period). Risk factors for COI discrepancy were evaluated at both the study and author level. Results: A total of 79 studies (472 authors) were identified. Sixty four studies (81%) had at least one author who received payments from Silk Road Medical, Inc. Fifty eight (73%) studies had at least one author who received an undeclared payment. Consulting fees represented the majority of general payment subtype (60%). Authors who accurately disclosed payments received significantly higher median payments compared to authors who did not accurately disclose payments ($37,222 [interquartile range: $28,203-$132,589] versus $1748 [interquartile range $257-$35,041], P < 0.0001). Senior authors were significantly more likely to have a COI discrepancy compared to first authors (P = 0.0219). Conclusions: The majority of TCAR-related studies did not accurately declare COI. A multivariate analysis demonstrated no effect of sponsorship on study recommendations or impact factor. This study highlights the need for increased efforts in accountability to improve the transparency of industry sponsorship, especially when consulting authors are reporting their results on patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-138
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Nov 2023


  • Conflicts of interest
  • Industry payments
  • TCAR
  • Transcarotid artery revascularization


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