Assessing the relationship of Type A beliefs to cardiovascular disease risk and psychosocial distress

Patti Lou Watkins, Edwin B. Fisher, Douglas R. Southard, Clay H. Ward, Kenneth B. Schechtman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Investigators have begun to take a multimodal approach to the assessment and treatment of psychosocial risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). For instance, cognitive responses have become the focus of contemporary research along with continued examination of overt Type A behaviors. Price (1982) has outlined a set of beliefs purportedly associated with Type A behavior and subsequent CVD risk. The current study examines the validity of this belief set as represented by a newly developed measure, the Type A Cognitive Questionnaire (TACQ). Subjects were 221 employed adults participating in a worksite CVD risk reduction program. They completed the TACQ as part of a pretreatment CVD risk screening protocol. As hypothesized, TACQ scores were significantly associated with Type A behavior, hostility, physiological mediators of CVD, and psychosocial distress. Discussion addresses continued refinement of the Type A belief construct.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-125
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1989

Keywords

  • Type A behavior pattern
  • beliefs
  • cardiovascular disease risk
  • hostility

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