Assessing long-term outcomes of open and endoscopic sagittal synostosis reconstruction using three-dimensional photography

Minh Bao Le, Kamlesh Patel, Gary Skolnick, Sybill Naidoo, Matthew Smyth, Alex Kane, Albert S. Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Sagittal synostosis has been successfully managed with numerous surgical techniques. Nevertheless, few data on long-term outcomes exist to justify use of one surgical technique over another. In this study, we compared children with surgically corrected sagittal synostosis to their age-matched control subjects to assess the longevity of their corrections. Furthermore, the outcomes of open repairs were compared with endoscopic repairs.Following institutional review board approval, three-dimensional photographs of patients who underwent surgical reconstruction for nonsyndromic sagittal synostosis were analyzed to determine biparietal and anterior-posterior diameter, circumference, cephalic index, cranial vault volume, cranial height, and forehead inclination. Thirteen patients who had undergone open repair, including 6 total cranial vault and 7 modified-pi reconstructions, and 6 patients who had undergone endoscopic strip craniectomy with barrel-stave osteotomies and postoperative helmeting were compared with nonsynostotic age-matched control subjects. Mean follow-up was 97.5 months after open and 48.9 months after endoscopic repair. Student t tests were used for analysis. In the second arm of this study, 33 patients who had undergone endoscopic repair were compared with the 13 patients who had undergone open repair; mean follow-up was 24.8 months after endoscopic repair. Linear regression models were used to adjust for age and sex.After comparing three-dimensional photographs of children who were more than 3 years postoperative from surgical correction for sagittal synostosis with their age-matched control subjects, no statistically significant differences were found in any of the measured parameters. In addition, no differences were detected between open reconstruction versus endoscopic repair, suggesting equivalence in final results for both procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-576
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2014


  • Craniosynostosis
  • endoscopic
  • long-term results
  • sagittal synostosis


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