Asparagine-linked oligosaccharides on lutropin, follitropin, and thyrotropin. I. Structural elucidation of the sulfated and sialylated oligosaccharides on bovine, ovine, and human pituitary glycoprotein hormones

E. D. Green, J. U. Baenziger

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Abstract

We have elucidated the structures of the anionic asparagine-linked oligosaccharides present on the glycoprotein hormones lutropin (luteinizing hormone), follitropin (follicle-stimulating hormone), and thyrotropin (thyroid-stimulating hormone). Purified hormones, isolated from bovine, ovine, and human pituitaries, were digested with N-glycanase, and the released oligosaccharides were reduced with NaB[3H]4. The 3H-labeled oligosaccharides from each hormone were then fractionated by anion-exchange high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) into populations differing in the number of sulfate and/or sialic acid moieties. The anionic oligosaccharides were further purified as well as structurally characterized using a variety of preparative and analytical techniques, including HPLC, endo- and exoglycosidase digestions, and lectin affinity chromatography. The sulfated, sialylated, and sulfated/sialylated structures, which together comprised 67-90% of the asparagine-linked oligosaccharices on the pituitary glycoprotein hormones, were highly heterogeneous and displayed hormone- as well as animal species-specific features. The sulfated oligosaccharides consisted of hybrid and complex type oligosaccharides with one or two branches terminating in SO4-4GalNAcβ1,4. In contrast, the sialylated oligosaccharides consisted of a wide array of differing structures containing two or three peripheral branches as well as one, two, or three sialic acid moieties. A previously uncharacterized dibranched oligosaccharide, bearing one residue each of sulfate and sialic acid, was found on all of the hormones except bovine lutropin. In this study, we describ the purification and detailed structural characterizations of the sulfated, sialylated, and sulfated/sialylated oligosaccharides found on lutropin, follitropin, and thyrotropin from several animal species. In the accompanying paper (Green, E.D., and Baenziger, J.U. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 36-44) we demonstrate the marked quantitative differences among the pituitary glycoprotein hormones in terms of sulfation, sialylation, and underlying oligosaccharide structures, as well as provide evidence for site-specific synthesis of oligosaccharides on individual hormones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume263
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1988

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