Artificial intelligence: A powerful paradigm for scientific research

Yongjun Xu, Xin Liu, Xin Cao, Changping Huang, Enke Liu, Sen Qian, Xingchen Liu, Yanjun Wu, Fengliang Dong, Cheng Wei Qiu, Junjun Qiu, Keqin Hua, Wentao Su, Jian Wu, Huiyu Xu, Yong Han, Chenguang Fu, Zhigang Yin, Miao Liu, Ronald RoepmanSabine Dietmann, Marko Virta, Fredrick Kengara, Ze Zhang, Lifu Zhang, Taolan Zhao, Ji Dai, Jialiang Yang, Liang Lan, Ming Luo, Zhaofeng Liu, Tao An, Bin Zhang, Xiao He, Shan Cong, Xiaohong Liu, Wei Zhang, James P. Lewis, James M. Tiedje, Qi Wang, Zhulin An, Fei Wang, Libo Zhang, Tao Huang, Chuan Lu, Zhipeng Cai, Fang Wang, Jiabao Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

389 Scopus citations


Artificial intelligence (AI) coupled with promising machine learning (ML) techniques well known from computer science is broadly affecting many aspects of various fields including science and technology, industry, and even our day-to-day life. The ML techniques have been developed to analyze high-throughput data with a view to obtaining useful insights, categorizing, predicting, and making evidence-based decisions in novel ways, which will promote the growth of novel applications and fuel the sustainable booming of AI. This paper undertakes a comprehensive survey on the development and application of AI in different aspects of fundamental sciences, including information science, mathematics, medical science, materials science, geoscience, life science, physics, and chemistry. The challenges that each discipline of science meets, and the potentials of AI techniques to handle these challenges, are discussed in detail. Moreover, we shed light on new research trends entailing the integration of AI into each scientific discipline. The aim of this paper is to provide a broad research guideline on fundamental sciences with potential infusion of AI, to help motivate researchers to deeply understand the state-of-the-art applications of AI-based fundamental sciences, and thereby to help promote the continuous development of these fundamental sciences.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100179
JournalThe Innovation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 28 2021


  • artificial intelligence
  • chemistry
  • deep learning
  • geoscience
  • information science
  • life science
  • machine learning
  • materials science
  • mathematics
  • medical science
  • physics


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