Arteriovenous malformations: epidemiology, clinical presentation, and diagnostic evaluation

Joshua W. Osbun, Matthew R. Reynolds, Daniel L. Barrow

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) represent an uncommon disease of the central nervous system characterized by an arteriovenous shunt in which one or multiple arterial pedicles feed into a vascular nidus, creating early drainage into a venous outflow channel. These lesions are considered to be congenital and can come to clinical attention in a variety of ways such as seizure, intracranial hemorrhage, chronic headache or progressive neurological deficit. We focus on the epidemiology, clinical presentation and diagnostic evaluation in this chapter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages25-29
Number of pages5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Volume143
ISSN (Print)0072-9752
ISSN (Electronic)2212-4152

Keywords

  • ARUBA trial
  • arteriovenous malformation
  • arteriovenous shunt
  • brain AVM
  • intracranial hemorrhage
  • seizure

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    Osbun, J. W., Reynolds, M. R., & Barrow, D. L. (2017). Arteriovenous malformations: epidemiology, clinical presentation, and diagnostic evaluation. In Handbook of Clinical Neurology (pp. 25-29). (Handbook of Clinical Neurology; Vol. 143). Elsevier B.V.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63640-9.00003-5