The glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) ligands (GDNF, Neurturin [NTN], and Persephin [PSP]) signal through a multicomponent receptor system composed of a high-affinity binding component (GFRα1GFRα4) and a common signaling component (RET). Here, we report the identification of Artemin, a novel member of the GDNF family, and demonstrate that it is the ligand for the former orphan receptor GFRα3-RET. Artemin is a survival factor for sensory and sympathetic neurons in culture, and its expression pattern suggests that it also influences these neurons in vivo. Artemin can also activate the GFRα1-RET complex and supports the survival of dopaminergic midbrain neurons in culture, indicating that like GDNF (GFRα1RET) and NTN (GFRα2-RET), Artemin has a preferred receptor (GFRα3- RET) but that alternative receptor interactions also occur.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1291-1302
Number of pages12
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1998


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