Arrhythmogenic remodelling of activation and repolarization in the failing human heart

Katherine M. Holzem, Igor R. Efimov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Heart failure is a major cause of disability and death worldwide, and approximately half of heart failure-related deaths are sudden and presumably due to ventricular arrhythmias. Patients with heart failure have been shown to be at 6- to 9-fold increased risk of sudden cardiac death compared to the general population. (AHA. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2003 Update. Heart and Stroke Facts. Dallas, TX: American Heart Association; 2002) Thus, electrophysiological remodelling associated with heart failure is a leading cause of disease mortality and has been a major investigational focus examined using many animal models of heart failure. While these studies have provided an important foundation for understanding the arrhythmogenic pathophysiology of heart failure, the need for corroborating studies conducted on human heart tissue has been increasingly recognized. Many human heart studies of conduction and repolarization remodelling have now been published and shed some light on important, potentially arrhythmogenic, changes in human heart failure. These studies are being conducted at multiple experimental scales from isolated cells to whole-tissue preparations and have provided insight into regulatory mechanisms such as decreased protein expression, alternative mRNA splicing of ion channel genes, and defective cellular trafficking. Further investigations of heart failure in the human myocardium will be essential for determining possible therapeutic targets to prevent arrhythmia in heart failure and for facilitating the translation of basic research findings to the clinical realm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)v50-v57
Issue numberSUPPL. 5
StatePublished - Nov 2012


  • Action potential
  • Arrhythmias
  • Conduction
  • Heart failure
  • Human heart
  • Ion channels
  • Remodelling
  • Repolarization


Dive into the research topics of 'Arrhythmogenic remodelling of activation and repolarization in the failing human heart'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this