Atrial brillation (AF) is the most common of all cardiac arrhythmias, affecting nearly 4.5 million people in the European Union and 2.2 million people in the USA alone. Furthermore, the incidence of AF increases dramatically with age. The risk of thromboembolism with resultant stroke, the most serious complication of AF, is increased 3-to 5-fold in these patients. Signi cant morbidity and mortality also result from haemodynamic compromise due to loss of atrial contraction, exacerbations of congestive heart failure from atrio-ventricular asynchrony, and tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. As a result, AF has an enormous socioeconomic impact, and with the ageing population in the United States, AF is expected to become an even larger public health burden in the future.
|Title of host publication||Cardiac Surgery|
|Subtitle of host publication||Recent Advances and Techniques|
|Number of pages||19|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2013|