Are Patients with Perforated Peptic Ulcers Who are Negative for Helicobacter pylori at a Greater Risk?

Rohit K. Rasane, Christopher B. Horn, Adrian A. Coleoglou Centeno, Nicholas B. Fiore, Marlon Torres Barboza, Qiao Zhang, Kelly M. Bochicchio, Laurie J. Punch, Grant V. Bochicchio, Obeid N. Ilahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The link between Helicobacter pylori infection and peptic ulceration is well established. Recent studies have reported a decrease of H. pylori-related peptic ulcer disease; Helicobacter pylori eradication is likely the cause of this decrease. We hypothesized that patients with H. pylori-positive perforated peptic ulcer disease (PPUD) requiring surgical intervention had worse outcomes than patients with H. pylori-negative PPUD. Patients and Methods: A prospectively collected Acute and Critical Care Surgery registry spanning the years 2008 to 2015 was searched for patients with PPUD and tested for H. pylori serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) test. Patients were divided into two cohorts: H. pylori positive (HPP) and H. pylori negative (HPN). Demographics, laboratory values, medication history, social history, and esophagogastroduodenoscopy were collected. Student t-Test was used for continuous variables and χ2 test was used for categorical variables. Linear regression was applied as appropriate. Results: We identified 107 patients diagnosed with PPUD, of whom 79 (74%) patients had H. pylori serum IgG testing. Forty-Two (53.2%) tested positive and 37 (46.8%) tested negative. Helicobacter pylori-negative PPUD was more frequent in females (70.27%, p = 0.004), whites (83.78%, p = 0.001) and patients with higher body mass index (BMI) 28.81 ± 8.8 (p = 0.033). The HPN group had a lower serum albumin level (2.97 ± 0.96 vs. 3.86 ± 0.91 p = 0.0001), higher American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA; 3.11 ± 0.85 vs. 2.60 ± 0.73; p = 0.005), and Charlson comorbidity index (4.81 ± 2.74 vs. 2.98 ± 2.71; p = 0.004). On unadjusted analysis the HPN cohort had a longer hospital length of stay (LOS; 20.20 ± 13.82 vs. 8.48 ± 7.24; p = 0.0001), intensive care unit (ICU) LOS (10.97 ± 11.60 vs. 1.95 ± 4.59; p = 0.0001), increased ventilator days (4.54 ± 6.74 vs. 0.98 ± 2.85; p = 0.004), and higher rates of 30-day re-Admission (11; 29.73% vs. 5; 11.91%; p = 0.049). Regression models showed that HPN PPUD patients had longer hospital and ICU LOS by 11 days (p = 0.002) and 8 days (p = 0.002), respectively, compared with HPP PPUD. Conclusion: In contrast to our hypothesis, HPN patients had clinically worse outcomes than HPP patients. These findings may represent a difference in the baseline pathophysiology of the peptic ulcer disease process. Further investigation is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)444-448
Number of pages5
JournalSurgical infections
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2019

Keywords

  • H. pylori
  • peptic ulcer
  • perforation

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