Arbovirus and seizures

Mingrui Zheng, Shichuo Li, R. Edward Hogan, Meihua Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The high prevalence and spread of arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) make them an important cause of viral encephalitis in humans. Most epidemic viral encephalitides have an etiology associated with arboviruses. Among various arboviruses, the Japanese encephalitis virus, West Nile virus, Zika virus, Dengue virus and Chikungunya virus can induce seizures. Arboviruses of the genus Flavivirus are usually transmitted by mosquitoes and other host animals. These vector-borne pathogens can cause epidemic viral encephalitis. Seizures may not be the major manifestation in these viral encephalitides, but may predict a poor prognosis. In this article, we discuss the relationships between these viruses and seizures from perspectives of clinical characteristics, pathogenesis, prognosis and treatments of each.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17
JournalActa Epileptologica
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

Keywords

  • Chikungunya virus
  • Dengue virus
  • Japanese encephalitis
  • Seizures
  • West Nile virus
  • Zika virus

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