Objectives. The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that intracoronary aqueous oxygen (AO) hyperbaric reperfusion reduces myocardial injury after prolonged coronary occlusion. Background. Attenuation of ischemia/reperfusion injury by the use of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) administered during reperfusion has been demonstrated for a wide variety of tissues, including myocardium. We have recently developed a more practical, catheter-based, site-specific method for delivery of oxygen at hyperbaric levels with aqueous oxygen infusion. Methods. Following a 60-minute balloon occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery in swine, intracoronary AO hyperoxemic perfusion (50 mL blood/minute; 1.5 mL AO/minute; mean pO2 = 834 ± 104 mmHg) was performed for 90 minutes after a 15-minute period of normoxemic autoreperfusion (physiologic reperfusion). Control groups consisted of autoreperfusion alone; active normoxemic perfusion (50 mL/minute) for 90 minutes; and hyperoxemic perfusion with a hollow fiber oxygenator (HFO) for 90 minutes. Results. A significant improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction was noted by ventriculography at 105 minutes of reperfusion (ANOVA, p < 0.05), compared to the 15-minute autoreperfusion period, only in the AO and HFO groups. Mean percent infarct size (area of necrosis)/(area at risk), quantitative post-mortem hemorrhage score, and myocardial myeloperoxidase levels at 3 hours of reperfusion were significantly less in the AO group (ANOVA, p < 0.05), but not in the HFO group, compared to normoxemic groups. Conclusions. The results demonstrate that intracoronary hyperbaric reperfusion with AO, but not with a membrane oxygenator, attenuates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Invasive Cardiology|
|State||Published - 2002|