Applying genomics to the avian inner ear: Development of subtractive cDNA resources for exploring sensory function and hair cell regeneration

R. David Hawkins, Cynthia A. Helms, Julia B. Winston, Mark E. Warchol, Michael Lovett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We applied a micro-cDNA-based subtraction method to identify genes expressed in the regenerating sensory epithelia (SE) of the chicken inner ear. Sensory hair cells in the avian utricle SE are in a constant state of turnover, where dying hair cells are replaced by new ones derived from supporting cells. In contrast, hair cells in the cochlea remain quiescent unless damaged. We used this difference to enrich for utricle-specific genes, using reiterative cDNA subtraction and demonstrate enrichment for utricle-specific sequences. A total of 1710 cDNA sequence reads revealed the presence of many cDNAs encoding known structural components of the SE (for example, Harmonin and beta-tectorin), proteins involved in cellular proliferation, such as P311, HIPK2, and SPALT1, among many others of unknown function. These libraries are the first of their kind and should prove useful for the discovery of candidate genes for hearing disorders, regenerative and apoptotic pathways, and novel chicken ESTs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-808
Number of pages8
JournalGenomics
Volume87
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Hair cells
  • Library subtraction
  • Regeneration

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