Applying artificial neural network models to clinical decision making

Rumi Kato Price, Thomas J. Downey, Donald J. Meyer, Edward L. Spitznagel, Nathan K. Risk, Omar G. El-Ghazzawy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Because psychological assessment typically lacks biological gold standards, it traditionally has relied on clinicians' expert knowledge. A more empirically based approach frequently has applied linear models to data to derive meaningful constructs and appropriate measures. Statistical inferences are then used to assess the generality of the findings. This article introduces artificial neural networks (ANNs), flexible nonlinear modeling techniques that test a model's generality by applying its estimates against 'future' data. ANNs have potential for overcoming some shortcomings of linear models. The basics of ANNs and their applications to psychological assessment are reviewed. Two examples of clinical decision making are described in which an ANN is compared with linear models, and the complexity of the network performance is examined. Issues salient to psychological assessment are addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-51
Number of pages12
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2000

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    Price, R. K., Downey, T. J., Meyer, D. J., Spitznagel, E. L., Risk, N. K., & El-Ghazzawy, O. G. (2000). Applying artificial neural network models to clinical decision making. Psychological Assessment, 12(1), 40-51. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.12.1.40