Applied strategies of neuroplasticity

Brian P. Johnson, Leonardo G. Cohen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Various levels of somatotopic organization are present throughout the human nervous system. However, this organization can change when needed based on environmental demands, a phenomenon known as neuroplasticity. Neuroplasticity can occur when learning a new motor skill, adjusting to life after blindness, or following a stroke. Following an injury, these neuroplastic changes can be adaptive or maladaptive, and often occur regardless of whether rehabilitation occurs or not. But not all movements produce neuroplasticity, nor do all rehabilitation interventions. Here, we focus on research regarding how to maximize adaptive neuroplasticity while also minimizing maladaptive plasticity, known as applied neuroplasticity. Emphasis is placed on research exploring how best to apply neuroplastic principles to training environments and rehabilitation protocols. By studying and applying these principles in research and clinical practice, it is hoped that learning of skills and regaining of function and independence can be optimized.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages599-609
Number of pages11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Publication series

NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Volume196
ISSN (Print)0072-9752
ISSN (Electronic)2212-4152

Keywords

  • Brain injury
  • Motor learning
  • Neuroplasticity
  • Neurorehabilitation
  • Occupational therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Stroke
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation

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