Applications of implementation science frameworks, models and theories in disparities-focused cancer screening interventions: A scoping review protocol

Serena Xiong, Lisa Klesges, Michelle Doering, Rebekah J. Pratt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background Implementation science (IS) frameworks, models and theories (FMTs) have gained popularity in guiding the implementation and evaluation of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) for cancer screening. However, there are significant research gaps in understanding their applications in cancer health disparities contexts. This paper outlines a scoping review protocol designed to explore the utilisation of IS FMTs in cancer screening EBIs to inform intervention designs and adaptations. Methods and analysis This scoping review protocol adheres to Arksey and O'Malley's five-step methodological framework for conducting scoping studies. Search strategies were conducted in five bibliographic databases: Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and EMBASE. The search was run on 22 June 2023 with an English language filter and a date limit of 2001-current. Two reviewers will independently screen studies for inclusion and exclusion criteria. A third reviewer will be consulted, where appropriate at any of the review stages, to achieve consensus or resolve conflicts. Data will be collected, managed and analysed using Covidence. A narrative synthesis, based on Popay et al's methodology, will guide reporting and summarisation of results. The review will adhere to the PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews guidelines. Ethics and dissemination This scoping review is a novel approach for examining a growing corpus of research literature on IS FMT applications used in cancer screening EBIs. As a secondary analysis, this scoping review does not require approval from an institutional review board. We anticipate the review will produce insightful information (eg, challenges, key areas for future directions) on the applications of IS TMFs in designing, deploying and testing EBIs for populations experiencing cancer screening disparities. We will disseminate the results through journals and conferences targeting IS and cancer prevention researchers and practitioners.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere078212
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 11 2023


  • health equity
  • oncology
  • preventive medicine
  • public health


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