The Apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) is of great interest due to its role as a risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease. ApoE is secreted by astrocytes in the central nervous system in high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-like lipoproteins. Structural models of lipidated ApoE of high resolution could aid in a mechanistic understanding of how ApoE functions in health and disease. Using monoclonal Fab and F(ab′)2 fragments, we characterize the structure of lipidated ApoE on astrocyte-secreted lipoproteins. Our results provide support for the “double-belt” model of ApoE in nascent discoidal HDL-like lipoproteins, where two ApoE proteins wrap around the nanodisc in an antiparallel conformation. We further show that lipidated, recombinant ApoE accurately models astrocyte-secreted ApoE lipoproteins. Cryogenic electron microscopy of recombinant lipidated ApoE further supports ApoE adopting antiparallel dimers in nascent discoidal lipoproteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1100-1109.e5
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 3 2024


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • ApoE
  • HDL
  • apolipoprotein E
  • astrocytes
  • cryo-EM
  • glia
  • lipoprotein


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