Herein, we tested a recently proposed working model of apolipoprotein E (apoE)-mediated sulfatide metabolism/trafficking/homeostasis with two well-characterized amyloid precursor protein (APP) transgenic (Tg) animal models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) (i.e., APPV717F and APPsw) on a wild-type murine apoE background or after being bred onto an Apoe-/- background. As anticipated, lipidomics analysis demonstrated that the sulfatide levels in brain tissues were reduced beginning at approximately 6 months of age in APPV717F Tg, Apoe+/+ mice and at 9 months of age in APPsw Tg, Apoe+/+ mice relative to their respective non-APP Tg littermates. This reduction increased in both APP Tg mice as they aged. In contrast, sulfatide depletion did not occur in APP Tg, Apoe-/- animals relative to the Apoe-/- littermates. The lack of sulfatide depletion in APP Tg, Apoe-/- mice strongly supports the role of apoE in the deficient sulfatide content in APP Tg, Apoe+/+ mice. Collectively, through different animal models of AD, this study provides evidence for an identified biochemical mechanism that may be responsible for the sulfatide depletion at the earliest stages of AD.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Neurobiology of Aging|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2010|
- APP transgenic mice
- Alzheimer's disease
- Apolipoprotein E
- Shotgun lipidomics