Cisplatin (CP) induces acute kidney injury (AKI) whereby proximal tubules undergo regulated necrosis. Repair is almost complete after a single dose. We now demonstrate a role for Apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide 1 (Apobec-1) that is prominently expressed at the interface between acute and chronic kidney injury (CKD), in the recovery from AKI. Apobec-1 knockout (KO) mice exhibited greater mortality than in wild type (WT) and more severe AKI in both CP- and unilateral ischemia reperfusion (IR) with nephrectomy. Specifically, plasma creatinine (pCr) 2.6 ± 0.70 mg/dL for KO, n = 10 and 0.16 ± 0.02 for WT, n = 6, p < 0.0001 in CP model and 1.34 ± 0.22 mg/dL vs 0.75 ± 0.06, n = 5, p < 0.05 in IR model. The kidneys of Apobec-1 KO mice showed increased necrosis, increased expression of KIM-1, NGAL, RIPK1, ASCL4 and increased lipid accumulation compared to WT kidneys (p < 0.01). Neutrophils and activated T cells were both increased, while macrophages were reduced in kidneys of Apobec-1 KO animals. Overexpression of Apobec-1 in mouse proximal tubule cells protected against CP-induced cytotoxicity. These findings suggest that Apobec-1 mediates critical pro-survival responses to renal injury and increasing Apobec-1 expression could be an effective strategy to mitigate AKI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22255
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023


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