Some investigators have reported that proximal attachment failure is a long-term complication of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) with the AneuRx (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, CA) device. We evaluated the need for an intervention in patients with suboptimal proximal fixation as well as the feasibility and early success of a variety of treatment strategies. From October 1999 to October 2003, we performed 365 EVARs using the AneuRx graft. At a mean follow-up of 23.7 ± 14.8 months, 20 patients (5.5%) with suboptimal outcomes (14 with a type I endoleak, one with a type III endoleak, and 5 with an inadequate seal zone <1 cm) were considered for treatment. Characteristics of each patient''s aortic neck anatomy that could be associated with proximal attachment failure were evaluated. Eighteen patients (90%) underwent successful treatment (9 AneuRx cuffs, 6 Talent cuffs, 5 aortic stents, one redo endograft, and two surgical conversions) without major perioperative complications, one patient had a persistent type I endoleak despite endovascular treatment, and one patient refused treatment, ultimately leading to aneurysm rupture. There have been no further endoleaks or graft migrations noted since the secondary intervention at a mean follow-up of 13.9 ± 11.8 months. In our experience, proximal attachment failure associated with the AneuRx graft is relatively uncommon and usually associated with unfavorable neck anatomy. Despite this, most cases are treatable by endovascular means. Long-term follow-up is needed to assess the ultimate frequency of these combined device reconstructions.