Anxiety among informal hospice caregivers: An exploratory study

Karla T. Washington, George Demiris, Kenneth C. Pike, Robin L. Kruse, Debra Parker Oliver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Objective: This study examined the prevalence of clinically significant anxiety among informal hospice caregivers and identified the characteristics of caregivers who experienced anxiety of this severity. Method: An exploratory secondary data analysis pooled from three separate studies of informal hospice caregivers (N = 433) was conducted. Researchers employed descriptive statistics to calculate anxiety prevalence and utilized logistic regression to model the associations between the covariates (i.e., caregiver characteristics) and anxiety. Results: Overall, 31% of informal hospice caregivers reported moderate or higher levels of anxiety. Caregivers associated with the research site in the Northwest were less likely to be anxious than those in the Southeast [χ2(3, N = 433) = 7.07, p = 0.029], and employed caregivers were less likely to be anxious than unemployed caregivers (OR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.33, 0.96). The likelihood of being anxious decreased with increasing physical quality of life (OR = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.69, 0.85), and younger female caregivers were more likely to be anxious than male caregivers and older females (OR = 0.95, CI = 0.91, 0.99). Significance of Results: A noteworthy number of informal hospice caregivers experience clinically significant levels of anxiety. Increased efforts to screen and address anxiety in this population are recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-573
Number of pages7
JournalPalliative and Supportive Care
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 13 2013


  • Anxiety
  • Caregivers
  • Family
  • Hospice care


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