Antiviral Activity of RhoA-Derived Peptides against Respiratory Syncytial Virus Is Dependent on Formation of Peptide Dimers

Philip J. Budge, Jacob Lebowitz, Barney S. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

A synthetic peptide containing amino acids 77 to 95 of the intracellular GTPase RhoA has previously been shown to inhibit replication of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in cultured cells. We show that residues 80 to 90 of RhoA are sufficient for this activity and that the cysteine residue at position 83 is critical. Further studies with an optimal peptide sequence containing amino acids 80 to 94 of RhoA revealed that the antiviral potency of the peptide is dependent on the oxidation of cysteine 83. Size-exclusion chromatography and sedimentation equilibrium studies of the peptide comprising residues 80 to 94 revealed that it is capable of forming aggregates in both reduced and oxidized states. A peptide (83A) in which the cysteine residue is replaced by an alanine does not form dimers or higher-order aggregates and did not inhibit RSV replication at any concentration tested. These data indicate that formation of peptide multimers is necessary for the antiviral activities of RhoA-derived peptides and suggest that the observed antiviral activities of these peptides may be unrelated to the biological functions of their parent molecule.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3470-3477
Number of pages8
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume47
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2003

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