Acute viral myocarditis progresses through several stages, including acute viral infection, autoimmunity, and dilated cardiomyopathy. Recent studies have identified an important role for the myocardial inflammatory response during the initial phases of acute viral myocarditis. In this review, we discuss new insights into the innate host response to viral myocarditis and the various therapeutic strategies that have been attempted in managing the deleterious consequences of the myocardial inflammatory response in acute viral myocarditis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-193
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Opinion in Cardiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2003


  • Cytokine
  • Immune modulation
  • Inflammation
  • Innate immunity
  • Viral myocarditis


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