Dendritic cells (DCs) have been shown to play a major role in oral tolerance, and this function has been associated with their ability to produce anti-inflammatory cytokines and to induce suppressive regulatory T cells. In this study, we demonstrate that upon oral administration of Ag, lamina propia (LP) DCs engage specific T cells and acquire a novel mechanism by which they transfer tolerance against diverse T cell specificities. Indeed, when Ig-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) carrying the MOG35-55 epitope was orally administered into either T cell-sufficient or -deficient mice, only the T cell-sufficient hosts yielded CD8α+ and CD8α- LP DCs that were able to transfer tolerance to a variety of MHC class II-restricted effector T cells. Surprisingly, these LP DCs upregulated programmed cell death ligand 1 during the initial interaction with MOG-specific T cells and used this inhibitory molecule to suppress activation of T cells regardless of Ag specificity. Furthermore, oral Ig-MOG was able to overcome experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis induced with CNS homogenate, indicating that the DCs are able to modulate disease involving diverse T cell specificities. This previously unrecognized attribute potentiates DCs against autoimmunity.