Anticoagulation in revision total joint arthroplasty: A retrospective review of 1917 cases

Gregory C. Manista, Brian D. Batko, Andrew C. Sexton, Tori A. Edmiston, P. Maxwell Courtney, Charles P. Hannon, Brett R. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although several studies now support the use of aspirin for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the optimal chemoprophylactic agent in revision THA and TKA is not clear. The purpose of this study was to determine if the type of chemoprophylaxis has an effect on the VTE rate in patients undergoing revision total joint arthroplasty (TJA). The second aim was to compare differences in rates of wound drainage in primary and revision TJA stratified by the postoperative chemoprophylaxis used. The authors retrospectively reviewed 1917 consecutive patients undergoing primary and revision TJA. Individual records were reviewed for patient demographics, medical comorbidities, type of chemoprophylaxis, VTE risk factors, intraoperative data, and postoperative complications. Outcomes, including VTE rate and wound complications, were compared between types of anticoagulant therapy used postoperatively. Of the 1917 patients, there were 742 (38.7%) primary TKAs, 326 (17%) revision TKAs, 608 (31.7%) primary THAs, and 241 (12.6%) revision THAs. The most common prophylactic agent used was rivaroxaban (40.6%), followed by warfarin (28.5%) and aspirin (27.6%). Type of chemoprophylaxis was not associated with postoperative VTE or wound drainage (P>.05). Although revision surgery was an independent risk factor for wound drainage (odds ratio, 3.201; 95% confidence interval, 1.594-6.426; P=.001), it was not a risk factor for VTE (odds ratio, 1.847; 95% confidence interval, 0.423-8.053; P=.414). Revision arthroplasty alone was not associated with an increased rate of VTE. Aspirin is as effective as other chemoprophylactic agents without the increased risk of bleeding in low-risk patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-329
Number of pages7
JournalOrthopedics
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

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