Antibody-mediated broad sarbecovirus neutralization through ACE2 molecular mimicry

Young Jun Park, Anna De Marco, Tyler N. Starr, Zhuoming Liu, Dora Pinto, Alexandra C. Walls, Fabrizia Zatta, Samantha K. Zepeda, John E. Bowen, Kaitlin R. Sprouse, Anshu Joshi, Martina Giurdanella, Barbara Guarino, Julia Noack, Rana Abdelnabi, Shi Yan Caroline Foo, Laura E. Rosen, Florian A. Lempp, Fabio Benigni, Gyorgy SnellJohan Neyts, Sean P.J. Whelan, Herbert W. Virgin, Jesse D. Bloom, Davide Corti, Matteo Samuele Pizzuto, David Veesler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Understanding broadly neutralizing sarbecovirus antibody responses is key to developing countermeasures against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants and future zoonotic sarbecoviruses. We describe the isolation and characterization of a human monoclonal antibody, designated S2K146, that broadly neutralizes viruses belonging to SARS-CoV- and SARS-CoV-2-related sarbecovirus clades, which use angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as an entry receptor. Structural and functional studies show that most of the virus residues that directly bind S2K146 are also involved in binding to ACE2. This allows the antibody to potently inhibit receptor attachment. S2K146 protects against SARS-CoV-2 Beta variant challenge in hamsters, and viral passaging experiments reveal a high barrier for emergence of escape mutants, making it a good candidate for clinical development. The conserved ACE2-binding residues present a site of vulnerability that might be leveraged for developing vaccines eliciting broad sarbecovirus immunity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScience
Volume375
Issue number6579
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 28 2022

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