Antibodies to self-antigens predispose to primary lung allograft dysfunction and chronic rejection

Ankit Bharat, Deepti Saini, Nancy Steward, Ramsey Hachem, Elbert P. Trulock, G. Alexander Patterson, Bryan F. Meyers, Thalachallour Mohanakumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

114 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is a known risk factor for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after lung transplantation. Here, we report that preformed antibodies to self-antigens increase PGD risk and promote BOS. Methods: Adult lung transplant recipients (n = 142) were included in the study. Primary graft dysfunction and BOS were diagnosed based on International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation guidelines. Antibodies to self-antigens k-alpha-1 tubulin, collagen type V, and collagen I were quantitated using standardized enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and cytokines were analyzed using Luminex immunoassays (Biosource International, Camirillo, CA). Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies were measured using Flow-PRA (One Lambda, Canoga Park, CA). Results: Lung transplant recipients with pretransplant antibodies to self-antigens had increased risk of PGD (odds ratio 3.09, 95% confidence interval: 1.2 to 8.1, p = 0.02) compared with recipients without. Conversely, in patients with PGD, 34.7% were positive for pretransplant antibodies whereas in the PGD negative group, only 14.6% had antibodies (p = 0.03). Antibody positive patients demonstrated high levels of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β (2.1-fold increase), IL-2 (3.0), IL-12 (2.5), IL-15 (3.0), and chemokines interferon-inducible protein-10 (3.9) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (3.1; p < 0.01 for all). On 5-year follow-up, patients without antibodies showed greater freedom from development of HLA antibodies compared with patients who had antibodies (class I: 67% versus 38%, p = 0.001; class II: 71% versus 41%, p < 0.001). Patients with pretransplant antibodies were found to have an independent relative risk of 2.3 (95% confidence interval: 1.7 to 4.5, p = 0.009) for developing BOS. Conclusions: Presence of antibodies to self-antigens pretransplant increases the risk of PGD immediately after transplant period and BOS on long-term follow-up. Primary graft dysfunction is associated with an inflammatory cascade that augments the alloimmune (anti-HLA) response that predisposes to BOS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1094-1101
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Antibodies to self-antigens predispose to primary lung allograft dysfunction and chronic rejection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this