Antibiotic-Impregnated Central Venous Catheters Do Not Change Antibiotic Resistance Patterns

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Abstract

Background: Antibiotic-impregnated central venous catheters (CVCs) decrease the incidence of infection in high-risk patients. However, use of these catheters carries the hypothetical risk of inducing antibiotic resistance. We hypothesized that routine use of minocycline and rifampin-impregnated catheters (MR-CVC) in a single intensive care unit (ICU) would change the resistance profile for Staphylococcus aureus. Methods: We reviewed antibiotic susceptibilities of S. aureus isolates obtained from blood cultures in a large urban teaching hospital from 2002-2015. Resistance patterns were compared before and after implementation of MR-CVC use in the surgical ICU (SICU) in August 2006. We also compared resistance patterns of S. aureus obtained in other ICUs and in non-ICU patients, in whom MR-CVCs were not used. Results: Data for rifampin, oxacillin, and clindamycin were available for 9,703 cultures; tetracycline resistance data were available for 4,627 cultures. After implementation of MR-CVC use in the SICU, rifampin resistance remained unchanged, with rates the same as in other ICU and non-ICU populations (3%). After six years of use of MR-CVCs in the SICU, the rate of tetracycline resistance was unchanged in all facilities (1%-3%). The use of MR-CVCs was not associated with any change in S. aureus oxacillin-resistance rates in the SICU (66% vs. 60%). However, there was a significant decrease in S. aureus clindamycin resistance (59% vs. 34%; p < 0.05) in SICU patients. Conclusions: Routine use of rifampin-minocycline-impregnated CVCs in the SICU was not associated with increased resistance of S. aureus isolates to rifampin or tetracyclines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-47
Number of pages8
JournalSurgical infections
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • antibiotic resistance
  • central venous catheters

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