Anti-angiogenic effects of VEGF stimulation on endothelium deficient in phosphoinositide recycling

Amber N. Stratman, Olivia M. Farrelly, Constantinos M. Mikelis, Mayumi F. Miller, Zhiyong Wang, Van N. Pham, Andrew E. Davis, Margaret C. Burns, Sofia A. Pezoa, Daniel Castranova, Joseph J. Yano, Tina M. Kilts, George E. Davis, J. Silvio Gutkind, Brant M. Weinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Anti-angiogenic therapies have generated significant interest for their potential to combat tumor growth. However, tumor overproduction of pro-angiogenic ligands can overcome these therapies, hampering success of this approach. To circumvent this problem, we target the resynthesis of phosphoinositides consumed during intracellular transduction of pro-angiogenic signals in endothelial cells (EC), thus harnessing the tumor’s own production of excess stimulatory ligands to deplete adjacent ECs of the capacity to respond to these signals. Using zebrafish and human endothelial cells in vitro, we show ECs deficient in CDP-diacylglycerol synthase 2 are uniquely sensitive to increased vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) stimulation due to a reduced capacity to re-synthesize phosphoinositides, including phosphatidylinositol-(4,5)-bisphosphate (PIP2), resulting in VEGF-exacerbated defects in angiogenesis and angiogenic signaling. Using murine tumor allograft models, we show that systemic or EC specific suppression of phosphoinositide recycling results in reduced tumor growth and tumor angiogenesis. Our results suggest inhibition of phosphoinositide recycling provides a useful anti-angiogenic approach.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1204
JournalNature communications
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

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