Anterior lumbar interbody fusion

Johnny Zhao, Jeffrey L. Gum, John R. Dimar, Jacob M. Buchowski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) was first reported in 1906 and is currently an acceptable option for surgical treatment of spondylolisthesis. A careful preoperative evaluation is critical, as most complications are approach related. Both retroperitoneal and transperitoneal approaches are utilized for exposing the lower lumbar levels most commonly associated with spondylolisthesis. A wide variety of options are available for the interbody graft, including autogenous bone grafts and titanium cages, as well as graft adjuncts such as bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2). Both radiographic results and health related quality of life (HRQOL) studies have established ALIF as a reliable procedure for the treatment of spondylolisthesis. Known complications of ALIF include vascular damage, injury to peritoneal viscera, ileus, and retrograde ejaculation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpondylolisthesis
Subtitle of host publicationDiagnosis, Non-Surgical Management, and Surgical Techniques
PublisherSpringer US
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781489975751
ISBN (Print)9781489975744
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Anterior lumbar interbody fusion
  • Retrograde ejaculation
  • Spondylolisthesis treatment
  • Surgical technique


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