Antagonists of central and peripheral behavioral actions of cholecystokinin octapeptide

J. N. Crawley, J. A. Stivers, D. W. Hommer, L. R. Skirboll, S. M. Paul

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64 Scopus citations


Pharmacological studies on the behavioral functions of sulfated cholecystokinin (CCK) in the gut and in the brain require potent, specific antagonists to CCK. Compounds identified as competitive antagonists at the peripheral receptors for CCK were tested for their ability to block the behavioral effects of CCK administered centrally and peripherally. Behavioral effects of CCK (8.8 x 10-10 mmol) administered centrally into the nucleus accumbens, i.e., potentiation of dopamine-induced hyperlocomotion in rats, were effectively blocked by pretreatment with proglumide (6 x 10-5 mmol of nucleus accumbens), by benzotript (3 x 10-5 mmol of nucleus accumbens) and by rabbit antiserum raised against CCK (0.2 μl/nucleus accumbens), but not by CCK26-33 (1.7 x 10-7 mmol) or unsulfated CCK26-33 (1.9 x 10-6 mmol). The behavioral effects of peripherally administered CCK, i.e. reduced food consumption and reduced exploratory behaviors in mice, were blocked effectively by pretreatment with proglumide (0.3-0.9 mmol/kg), and by benzotript (0.03 mmol/kg), but not by CCK30-33 (0.003 mmol/kg). None of the compounds administered peripherally significantly affected food consumption or exploratory behaviors when given alone. Furthermore, none of the compounds significantly affected locomotion when administered alone into the nucleus accumbens, or significantly affected dopamine-induced hyperlocomotion when given into the nucleus accumbens before dopamine. Benzotript, proglumide and a CCK antibody appear to act as specific antagonists of the behavioral effects of CCK at both the peripheral gastrointestinal site and at the central nucleus accumbens site. Neither unsulfated CCK26-33 or CCK30-33 were effective as antagonists of peripheral or central behavioral effects of CCK. However, whereas benzotript and proglumide may be useful as pharmacologically specific antagonists, the high doses required suggest that more potent CCK antagonists are required for investigating the behavioral functions of endogenous CCK.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-330
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 24 1986


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