The association between insertion/deletion polymorphism of the angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) gene and insulin resistance (IR) was investigated in 64 consecutive patients (F/M: 11/53) with angina pectoris without clinically manifest diabetes mellitus who underwent diagnostic coronary angiography. The observed frequency distribution of ACE genotypes did not deviate from that predicted from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in this group. Patients with the ACE-ID genotype had significantly lower IR, as assessed by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA), compared to those with the ACE-II genotype, as assessed by a multiple comparison analysis. Patients were divided into two groups with low and high HOMA-IR, and the I allele was seen more frequently in the high HOMA-IR group than in the low HOMA-IR group (0.62 v 0.47, respectively, by ξ2 test, P < .05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the odds ratio for insulin resistance in patients with the II genotype, compared to those with the ID and DD genotypes (assuming that the I allele has a recessive effect), was 4.0 (95% confidence interval, 1.2 to 16.5; P = .037), after adjusting for the presence of significant coronary atherosclerosis. In conclusion, the D allele was not associated with higher insulin resistance in patients with angina pectoris; that is, patients with the ID and DD genotypes were associated with a significantly lower risk of insulin resistance, compared to those with the II genotype.
- Angiotensin I converting enzyme gene
- Insertion/deletion polymorphism
- Insulin resistance