Anatomical structures, cell types and biomarkers of the Human Reference Atlas

Katy Börner, Sarah A. Teichmann, Ellen M. Quardokus, James C. Gee, Kristen Browne, David Osumi-Sutherland, Bruce W. Herr, Andreas Bueckle, Hrishikesh Paul, Muzlifah Haniffa, Laura Jardine, Amy Bernard, Song Lin Ding, Jeremy A. Miller, Shin Lin, Marc K. Halushka, Avinash Boppana, Teri A. Longacre, John Hickey, Yiing LinM. Todd Valerius, Yongqun He, Gloria Pryhuber, Xin Sun, Marda Jorgensen, Andrea J. Radtke, Clive Wasserfall, Fiona Ginty, Jonhan Ho, Joel Sunshine, Rebecca T. Beuschel, Maigan Brusko, Sujin Lee, Rajeev Malhotra, Sanjay Jain, Griffin Weber

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


The Human Reference Atlas (HRA) aims to map all of the cells of the human body to advance biomedical research and clinical practice. This Perspective presents collaborative work by members of 16 international consortia on two essential and interlinked parts of the HRA: (1) three-dimensional representations of anatomy that are linked to (2) tables that name and interlink major anatomical structures, cell types, plus biomarkers (ASCT+B). We discuss four examples that demonstrate the practical utility of the HRA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1117-1128
Number of pages12
JournalNature Cell Biology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2021


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