Analysis of functional polymorphisms in three synaptic plasticity-related genes (BDNF, COMT AND UCHL1) in Alzheimer's disease in Colombia

Diego A. Forero, Bruno Benítez, Gonzalo Arboleda, Juan J. Yunis, Rodrigo Pardo, Humberto Arboleda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent years, it has been proposed that synaptic dysfunction may be an important etiological factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). This hypothesis has important implications for the analysis of AD genetic risk in case-control studies. In the present work, we analyzed common functional polymorphisms in three synaptic plasticity-related genes (brain-derived neurotrophic factor, BDNF Val66Met; catechol-O-methyl transferase, COMT Val158; ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydroxylase, UCHL1 S18Y) in a sample of 102 AD cases and 168 age and sex matched controls living in Bogotá, Colombia. There was not association between UCHL1 polymorphism and AD in our sample. We have found an initial association with BDNF polymorphism in familial cases and with COMT polymorphism in male and sporadic patients. These initial associations were lost after Bonferroni correction for multiple testing. Unadjusted results may be compatible with the expected functional effect of variations in these genes on pathological memory and cognitive dysfunction, as has been implicated in animal and cell models and also from neuropsychological analysis of normal subjects carriers of the AD associated genotypes. An exploration of functional variants in these and in other synaptic plasticity-related genes (a synaptogenomics approach) in independent larger samples will be important to discover new genes associated with AD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-341
Number of pages8
JournalNeuroscience Research
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Colombia
  • Genetic association
  • Genetic polymorphisms
  • Synaptic plasticity

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