Analysing the literature: A research primer for low- and middle-income countries

Christopher R. Carpenter, Bonaventure Hollong, Erin L. Simon, Colin A. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Effective critical appraisal of medical research requires training and practice. Evidence-based medicine provides a framework for standardised review of manuscripts of nearly any research design. Online resources and communities exist to provide free access to electronic search engines and critical appraisal of emergency medicine and non-emergency medicine research. An emerging array of Free Online Open Access medical education (FOAMed) resources also provide opportunities to observe Evidence-based medicine critical appraisal in written or audio format and to actively participate as a learner. This chapter will highlight accessible resources that provide both methodological background and virtual mentoring for readers to develop EBM skills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S100-S105
JournalAfrican Journal of Emergency Medicine
StatePublished - Jan 2020


  • Evidence-based medicine
  • Librarian search strategies
  • Patient safety/QI
  • Social media


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