Breast implant-associated lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare subtype of anaplastic large-cell lymphoma associated with breast prostheses. Most patients present with a localised periprosthetic effusion and are managed with removal of the implant and surrounding capsule. Less commonly, the lymphoma can form a mass associated with the capsule and rarely can present with disseminated disease. Recent series characterising the genomic landscape of BIA-ALCL have led to insights into the mechanisms of lymphomagenesis. Constitutive JAK/STAT pathway activation has emerged as a likely key component while, more recently, aberrancies in epigenetic regulators have been reported. This review describes the genomic characterisation reported to date and the insight these findings have provided into this rare entity.
- Breast implants