An unusual Fc receptor-related protein expressed in human centroblasts

Fabio Facchetti, Marina Cella, Silvana Festa, Daved H. Fremont, Marco Colonna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Here, we report the identification of Fc receptor homolog expressed in B cells (FREB), a unique B cell-specific molecule that is distantly related to FcγRI (receptor I for the Fc fragment of IgG) and is encoded on human chromosome 1q, within the FcγR gene region. FREB has an intracellular distribution and lacks a canonical transmembrane domain. In addition, FREB lacks bona fide Fc fragment binding regions and does not bind immunoglobulins. By using specific monoclonal antibodies, we show that FREB is preferentially expressed in germinal center centroblasts, which undergo affinity maturation and class-switch recombination. Together, these characteristics indicate that FREB may have a unique role in B cell differentiation. FREB is also expressed in some B cell lymphomas, most of which have centroblast origin. Remarkably, FREB is expressed in a subset of diffuse large B cell lymphomas, providing a unique marker for the characterization of this B cell malignancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3776-3781
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume99
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 19 2002
Externally publishedYes

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