The purpose of the study was to investigate the ultrastructure of intimal hyperplastic cells. End-to-end microarterial anastomoses were studied in a rabbit free-tissue-transfer model. There were five experimental groups, with 1, 3, 7, 14, or 28 days follow-up. At sacrifice the anastomoses were tested for patency and then examined by light and electron microscopy. At days 1 and 3 the repaired intima was covered with macrophages and extravasated erythrocytes. At day 7 spindle-shaped fibroblasts with copious rough endoplasmic reticulum were seen. Some of these cells also contained pinocytotic vesicles, filaments with focal densities, and subplasmalemmal attachment sites, the features of smooth muscle cells. At day 14, more cells contained smooth muscle features and these features were also more pronounced. These young myofibroblasts were plumper than adjacent fibroblasts. At day 28 mature myofibroblasts with a full complement of organelles were present. The results, therefore, supported the hypothesis that myofibroblasts are present in the intimal hyperplasia of healing microarterial anastomoses.
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1998|