An overview of notch signaling in adult tissue renewal and maintenance

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Notch pathway is a critical mediator of short-range cell-cell communication that is reiteratively used to regulate a diverse array of cellular processes during embryonic development and the renewal and maintenance of adult tissues. Most Notch-dependent processes utilize a core signaling mechanism that is dependent on regulated intramembrane proteolysis: Upon ligand binding, Notch receptors undergo ectodomain shedding by ADAM metalloproteases, followed by γ-secretase-mediated intramembrane proteolysis. This releases the Notch intracellular domain, which translocates to the nucleus to activate transcription. In this review, we highlight the roles of Notch signaling particularly in self-renewing tissues in adults and several human diseases and raise some key considerations when targeting ADAMs and γ-secretase as disease-modifying strategies for Alzheimer's Disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-240
Number of pages14
JournalCurrent Alzheimer Research
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

Keywords

  • ADAM
  • CADASIL
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Notch
  • Stem cell
  • T-ALL
  • Tissue renewal
  • γ-secretase

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