An iPad-based intervention to improve visual-motor, visual-attention, and visual-perceptual skills in children with surgically treated hydrocephalus: A pilot study

Karen Harpster, Nicole Weckherlin, Jack R. Engsberg, Stephanie K. Powell, Holly Barnard, Darren Kadis, Jonathan N. Dodd, Marissa Li Garrett, Francesco T. Mangano, David D. Limbrick, Mekibib Altaye, Weihong Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Develop and pilot an iPad-based intervention for improving visual-motor coordination, visual-spatial processing/reasoning, and visual attention in children with surgically treated hydrocephalus (HCP). Methods: We developed an intervention protocol targeting visual-motor coordination, visual-spatial processing/reasoning, and visual attention. Fourteen participants with HCP completed 30 h of training over 6 weeks. The primary outcome measure was the Perceptual Reasoning Index from the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, Second Edition. Secondary measures included subtests from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition, Developmental NEuroPSYchological Assessment, Second Edition (NEPSY-II), and Purdue Pegboard. Results: Children with HCP demonstrated gains with statistical significance on the Perceptual Reasoning Index. We also observed significant improvement on a timed test of visuo-motor coordination (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition, Coding). Conclusion: Our iPad-application-based intervention may promote visual-motor coordination, visual-spatial processing/reasoning, and visual attention skills in children with HCP, offering an engaging and economical supplement to more conventional therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-310
Number of pages8
JournalChild's Nervous System
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Motor skills
  • Occupational therapy
  • Visual perception

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