An intervention to improve antibiotic delivery and sputum procurement in patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia

Steven J. Lawrence, Brooke N. Shadel, Terry L. Leet, Jonathan B. Hall, Linda M. Mundy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study objectives: To determine if an educational intervention targeting emergency department (ED) and medicine staff could successfully decrease the time to antibiotic delivery (door-to-drug delivery time [DDD]) for patients admitted through the ED with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Design: Prospective, multidisciplinary team-based educational project. Demographics, outcomes, and processes of care including DDD and sputum procurement for patients with CAP were determined during a baseline period and compared to the same parameters for patients with CAP presenting after the educational intervention was administered to ED and medicine staff. Setting: Barnes-Jewish Hospital, a large Midwest teaching institution affiliated with the Washington University School of Medicine. Patients: Consecutive adult patients admitted through the ED with CAP. Intervention: Multidisciplinary in-service education administered to ED physicians and nurses, and medicine housestaff, which emphasized the importance of rapid antibiotic delivery and procurement of preantibiotic expectorated sputum. Results: Mean DDD improved from 413 to 291 min (p 3 0.02), with more patients receiving antibiotics in the ED (46% vs 69%; adjusted odds ratio [OR], 2.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0 to 4.9). Sputum procurement improved from 11.5 to 25.4% (adjusted OR, 3.3; 95% CI, 1.1 to 9.9). There were no observed differences for inpatient mortality or length of stay. Conclusion: This multidisciplinary team intervention significantly improved the time to initiation of antibiotics and procurement of sputum for patients with CAP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)913-919
Number of pages7
JournalCHEST
Volume122
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2002

Keywords

  • Antibiotic
  • Community-acquired pneumonia
  • Drug delivery
  • Quality improvement
  • Sputum

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