An entertainment-education colorectal cancer screening decision aid for African American patients: A randomized controlled trial

Aubri S. Hoffman, Lisa M. Lowenstein, Geetanjali R. Kamath, Ashley J. Housten, Viola B. Leal, Suzanne K. Linder, Maria L. Jibaja-Weiss, Gottumukkala S. Raju, Robert J. Volk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer screening rates for African American patients remain suboptimal. Patient decision aids designed with an entertainment-education approach have been shown to improve saliency and foster informed decision making. The purpose of this study was to assess whether an entertainment-education decision aid tailored for African American patients improved patients' decision making, attitudes, intentions, or colorectal cancer screening behavior. METHODS: Eighty-nine participants were randomized to view 1) a patient decision aid video containing culturally tailored information about colorectal cancer screening options and theory-based support in decision making presented in an entertainment–education format or 2) an attention control video about hypertension that contained similarly detailed information. Participants met with their clinician and then completed follow-up questionnaires assessing their knowledge, decisional conflict, self-advocacy, attitudes, perceived social norms, and intentions. At 3 months, completion of screening was assessed by chart review. RESULTS: Viewing the culturally tailored decision aid significantly increased African American patients' knowledge of colorectal cancer screening recommendations and options. It also significantly reduced their decisional conflict and improved their self-advocacy. No significant differences were observed in participants' attitudes, norms, or intentions. At three months, 23% of all patients had completed a colonoscopy. CONCLUSIONS: Designing targeted, engaging patient decision aids for groups that receive suboptimal screening holds promise for improving patient decision making and self-advocacy. Additional research is warranted to investigate the effectiveness of such aids in clinical practices with suboptimal screening rates and on downstream behaviors (such as repeat testing). Cancer 2017;123:1401–1408.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1401-1408
Number of pages8
JournalCancer
Volume123
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2017

Keywords

  • African American
  • choice behaviors
  • colorectal cancer
  • decision aids
  • screening

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