An electrophysiological investigation of emotional abnormalities in groups at risk for schizophrenia-spectrum personality disorders

Elizabeth A. Martin, Nicole R. Karcher, Bruce D. Bartholow, Greg J. Siegle, John G. Kerns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Both extreme levels of social anhedonia (SocAnh) and perceptual aberration/magical ideation (PerMag) are associated with risk for schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and with emotional abnormalities. Yet, the nature of any psychophysiological-measured affective abnormality, including the role of automatic/controlled processes, is unclear. We examined the late positive potential (LPP) during passive viewing (to assess automatic processing) and during cognitive reappraisal (to assess controlled processing) in three groups: SocAnh, PerMag, and controls. The SocAnh group exhibited an increased LPP when viewing negative images. Further, SocAnh exhibited greater reductions in the LPP for negative images when told to use strategies to alter negative emotion. Similar to SocAnh, PerMag exhibited an increased LPP when viewing negative images. However, PerMag also exhibited an increased LPP when viewing positive images as well as an atypical decreased LPP when increasing positive emotion. Overall, these results suggest that at-risk groups are associated with shared and unique automatic and controlled abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-132
Number of pages14
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume124
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • Automatic emotion processing
  • Cognitive reappraisal
  • Controlled emotion processing
  • IAPS
  • LPP
  • Late positive potential

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